Eye opening statistics in a massive study completed pre-COVID. With the recent changes in routine and uncertainties of the future, everyone has experienced SOCIAL ISOLATION and LONELINESS, including myself. Social isolation and loneliness are TERRIBLE for your HEALTH. Go see your family and friends, safely:) This article HIGHLIGHTS that isolation and loneliness is worse than smoking 3/4 packs of cigarettes a day, being and alcoholic and two times worse than obesity. WOW! Many of you know our clinic offers evidence based neurological care but we also treat through traditional herbal medicine and acupuncture, a phenomenal combination. I have been working on a few fellowships this year, one will be complete next month. This information has changed my practice forever and I’m excited to share with you the growth and new information soon. See the link below to read the full article.


Loneliness and Social Isolation as Risk Factors for Mortality: A Meta-Analytic Review



  • 1Department of Psychology julianne_holt-lunstad@byu.edu.
  • 2Department of Counseling Psychology, Brigham Young University.
  • 3Department of Psychology.


Actual and perceived social isolation are both associated with increased risk for early mortality. In this meta-analytic review, our objective is to establish the overall and relative magnitude of social isolation and loneliness and to examine possible moderators. We conducted a literature search of studies (January 1980 to February 2014) using MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Social Work Abstracts, and Google Scholar. The included studies provided quantitative data on mortality as affected by loneliness, social isolation, or living alone. Across studies in which several possible confounds were statistically controlled for, the weighted average effect sizes were as follows: social isolation odds ratio (OR) = 1.29, loneliness OR = 1.26, and living alone OR = 1.32, corresponding to an average of 29%, 26%, and 32% increased likelihood of mortality, respectively. We found no differences between measures of objective and subjective social isolation. Results remain consistent across gender, length of follow-up, and world region, but initial health status has an influence on the findings. Results also differ across participant age, with social deficits being more predictive of death in samples with an average age younger than 65 years. Overall, the influence of both objective and subjective social isolation on risk for mortality is comparable with well-established risk factors for mortality.


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